French national identity is based on the historical origins of the nation in Celtic, Gallo-Roman, and Frankish cultures. The name "France" originally was used to refer to several peoples in the lower Rhineland. It gradually was introduced as a more widespread term to denote that territory, formerly known as Gaul, after the Frankish invasion and the retreat of the Romans.
The expulsion, which Le Pen is contesting, was the culmination of a months-long family feud between Jean-Marie and his successor and daughter, Marine Le Pen.
At issue were a series of comments Jean-Marie made in April of this year. Shortly after, he accepted an interview with Rivarol — a publication that sports a masthead of traditional and antisemitic far-right thinkers that the current FN leadership shuns.
Granting an interview with such an outlet would have rankled on its own. The remarks, and the very bitter personal feud that ensued, make excellent copy for gossip columns and shows.
In the presidential electionsshe garnered So what are the characteristics of this revamped and revitalized National Front? Most conspicuous is its brandishing of the republican idiom.
Conventional wisdom in France has long posited an unbridgeable divide between the French Republic and the National Front — its populism, dubious commitment to democracy, and racism putting it beyond the bounds of political respectability.
Marine has set out to prove them wrong. In appropriating the idea of republicanism, Marine undercut the very language used to quarantine the FN — to stigmatize it as beyond the pale — and created an effective narrative vehicle to propel its reactionary message. But their opposition was rather qualified.
Hollande vowed, prior to his election, to champion republican values by insisting on unisex timetables in public pools, after outraged reports that one local authority had reserved an hour class per week for a group of obese women, some of whom were Muslim.
Yet in addition to her tendentious but award-winning blurring of radical Islamism and French Muslims, Fourest was fined in court last year for her slurs against a young Muslim woman who was attacked in a Paris suburb, suggesting she either made up the story or was beaten up by her own family and then made a false report.
He might have added that this ideological course had been embraced since she first entered the spotlight in the presidential elections. No one in FN circles would deny that the FN is portrayed poorly in the media, or that the party is electorally hobbled as a result.
But de-demonization is a tricky affair.
Detoxification connotes that the body in question is toxic and it is this that must be rectified. It this ambiguity that provokes tension within the party over the term.
The importance of political discourse in the FN — often performative rather than substantive — only makes the question of image rehabilitation more delicate.
Indeed, Marine was delivered to the summit of the party precisely on that basis. Over time, the party has oscillated between aspiring to power and distancing itself from it, but party culture has always dictated that a certain balance be maintained.
At times, this tension has come to a head. She was charged with incitement to racial hatred for making the comments.
One former secretary general, for instance, has complained that the FN has today become a vote-catching party, an electioneering pigsty.In a Pew Research Center survey only about a quarter of French citizens (23%) expressed a favorable opinion of the National Front.
The same poll provided insights into who favored the National Front and where they stood on key issues such as France’s Muslim community, globalization and the European Union.
IN WATCHING the flow of events over the past decade or so, it is hard to avoid the feeling that something very fundamental has happened in world history. Jun 04, · National Front, Front National or FN, is the nationalist right-wing political party in France and its political roots date back to late 19th century pro-monarchy group.
Unlike Emmanuelle Macron’s party En Marche!, FN has a much longer history of successes and failures. A History of the National Front. We decided to take a look at the last 50 years of the far-right party's history. La France au Front, he states that Le Pen's success is a result "of the.
Find out more about the history of Halloween, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more. Get all the facts on regardbouddhiste.com The Second World War was documented on a huge scale by thousands of photographers and artists who created millions of pictures.
American military photographers representing all of the armed services covered the battlefronts around the world.