German re-alignment to Austria-Hungary and Russian re-alignment to France, —[ edit ] In German and Russian alignment was secured by means of a secret Reinsurance Treaty arranged by Otto von Bismarck. However, in the treaty was allowed to lapse in favor of the Dual Alliance between Germany and Austria-Hungary.
How Responsible Was Germany?
Fall The topic regarding the origins of World War I is one of the most studied, debated, and disagreed-upon among historians.
Most also believe that this incident would not have led to a world war by itself, but that the war was caused by series of interconnected events dating back at least four decades, creating an atmosphere that made war likely, or even inevitable. The purpose of this paper is to consider whether German policies and actions were more responsible than other factors for the origin of World War I.
The German Empire, founded in by Otto von Bismarck, was based on a strong sense of nationalism.
He wanted to avoid war and maintain a balance of power in Europe with Germany as one of the major powers. Kaiser Wilhelm II came to power in He took a much more aggressive stance than Bismarck had and wanted to do more than maintain the status quo. The strongest arguments to support the claim that Germany was primarily responsible for World War I are based on documents that had been suppressed by the German government immediately after the war.
According to that document Kaiser Wilhelm wanted to start a war of aggression immediately. He was convinced by Admiral Tiplitz and others at the council to delay the war for eighteen months to give the military the opportunity to build up arms and better prepare for the war.
World War I started eighteen months later. The second document discovered at this time was an Imperial German government document that identified expansion into a Russian-occupied area of Poland as a major aim of the war. This document provided historians with a link between the foreign policy of Germany in with that of Hitler in This document along with the War Council document, led many historians to place most of the blame for the start of World War I on Germany.
Historians who believe Germany was not primarily responsible for the war base their conclusion on the fact that other nations behaved just as badly as Germany did in the decades preceding the war, and that factors outside the control of any one country or individual were more responsible for the war.
Militarism, nationalism, the complex system of alliances, imperialism and economic factors, and social and political forces affected all of the countries involved in the conflict, not just Germany. Militarism was successfully used as a method to carry out imperialistic expansion by England and France.
Force or the threat of force was used whenever necessary to establish or maintain control of their colonies. It was used because it worked. Politicians and military leaders, however, relied on militarism to achieve their goals. Historians believe that the tendency to resort to military action rather than compromise and diplomacy played an important role in how these countries responded when they were threatened at home.
The concepts of nationalism and pride in the culture and identity of groups spread to other cultures and nations. Nationalist movements in the Balkans involving Serbs had been going on for the decade leading up to World War I, and war had almost broken out several times.
Russia had been embarrassed by a military defeat at the hands of Japan earlier in the century and was eager to regain national pride.
In addition to modernizing their culture and economy, winning a war was a way to regain nationalistic pride. France and Great Britain had vast overseas empires that were threatened when Germany became and imperialistic nation.
Because France and Great Britain felt that their strategic and commercial interests were threatened, they became allies to protect themselves from Germany. All of the countries joined in alliances for mutual protection, and the alliance system kept peace on the continent from the time of the establishment of the German Empire under Bismarck in to the beginning of the war.
None of the major countries, Germany, France, RussiaAustria-Hungary or Great Britain, trusted each other, so the alliances were imperfect. Once aggressive acts were initiated against any country, though, the alliance system acted to promote rather than prevent war as countries were bound to come to the defense of each other.
This can be seen as the main reason why a skirmish between Serbia, a small country, and Austria-Hungary, an empire in decline, escalated into World War I. There was social and political unrest in many European countries during the years preceding World War I. The ruling class was fighting for survival, and all of the major countries were looking for ways to gain the support of the people and strengthen their own countries.
Because of this, some historians believe all of the countries were willing to go to war to increase their power and prestige, relative to each other. At first, the countries felt that showing a willingness to go to war would act as a deterrent to war, and other countries would not risk a war with a willing and armed opponent.
However when it became apparent that attacking first would be important for success, the risk of war actually increased. Several other facts are important. He also predicted that the spark would come from the Balkans.Mein Kampf by Adolf Hitler Volume One - A Reckoning Chapter X: Causes of the Collapse THE EXTENT of the fall of a body is always measured by the distance between its momentary position and the one it originally occupied.
Published: Mon, 5 Dec World War I was one of the greatest wars know to history, it became known to many as “The Great War because of the great impact felt thought out the world. Germany's Aims in the First World War [Fritz Fischer, Hajo Holborn, James Joll] on regardbouddhiste.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Professor Fischer's great work is possibly the most important book of any sort, probably the most important historical book. World War I.
Employing all three levels of analysis, this chapter uses the perspectives to examine accounts of the war’s outbreak. For realists, these causes can lie with issues of.
Unlike World War II in Europe, that gets firmly pinned on Germany & Italy (with some asterisks), the First World War was the fault of the nations in Europe —nearly all of them. Special thanks to the UK, Russia, France, Germany, Austria-Hungary & the Ottoman Empire.
To What Extent Were the Consequences of Wwi the Causes of Wwii Words | 7 Pages. To what extent were the consequences of WWI the causes for WWII At the end of World War One, Europe was left in a devastating state, four major empires disappeared and the economy was profoundly damaged.