Hume attempts to distinguish between vice and virtue, arguing that such moral distinctions are in fact impressions rather than ideas. He then describes how to distinguish these impressions from other common impressions, such as sounds and colors.
Biography[ edit ] Early life and education[ edit ] Hume was the second of two sons born to Joseph Home of Ninewellsan advocate, and his wife The Hon.
Throughout his life Hume, who never married, spent time occasionally at his family home at Ninewells in Berwickshirewhich had belonged to his family since the sixteenth century.
His finances as a young man were very "slender". His family was not rich, and, as a younger son, he had little patrimony to live on.
He was therefore forced to make a living somehow. At first, because of his family, he considered a career in lawbut came to have, in his words, "an insurmountable aversion to everything but the pursuits of Philosophy and general Learning; and while [my family] fanceyed I was poring over Voet and VinniusCicero and Virgil were the Authors which I was secretly devouring".
Due to this inspiration, Hume set out to spend a minimum of 10 years reading and writing. He soon came to the verge of a mental breakdownsuffering from what a doctor diagnosed as the "Disease of the Learned".
Hume wrote that it started with a coldness, which he attributed to a "Laziness of Temper", that lasted about nine months. Later, some scurvy spots broke out on his fingers. Hume wrote that he "went under a Course of Bitters and Anti-Hysteric Pills", taken along with a pint of claret every day. Hume also decided to have a more active life to better continue his learning.
Career[ edit ] At 25 years of age, Hume, although of noble ancestry, had no source of income and no learned profession. Hume described his "love for literary fame" as his "ruling passion"  and judged his two late works, the so-called "first" and "second" enquiries, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding and An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Moralsrespectively, as his greatest literary and philosophical achievements,  asking his contemporaries to judge him on the merits of the later texts alone, rather than the more radical formulations of his early, youthful work, dismissing his philosophical debut as juvenilia: Hume was just 23 years old when he started this work and it is now regarded as one of the most important in the history of Western philosophy.
However, the position was given to William Cleghorn  after Edinburgh ministers petitioned the town council not to appoint Hume because he was seen as an atheist.
However, it was then that Hume started his great historical work The History of England. This took him fifteen years and ran to over a million words. During this time he was also involved with the Canongate Theatre through his friend John Homea preacher.
Often called the First Enquiry, it proved little more successful than the Treatise, perhaps because of the publishing of his short autobiography, My Own Life, which "made friends difficult for the first Enquiry".
It was necessary in the s for his friends to avert a trial against him on the charge of heresy. However, he "would not have come and could not be forced to attend if he said he was not a member of the Established Church".
He had published the Philosophical Essays by this time which were decidedly anti-religious. Even Adam Smithhis personal friend who had vacated the Glasgow philosophy chair, was against his appointment out of concern public opinion would be against it.The argument from design is supposed to be the best case that can be made for the claim that religious belief can be rational.
By showing that the argument from design fails, Hume hopes to prove that religious belief cannot possibly be based on reason.
Philo the skeptic .
David Hume () was a Scottish philosopher, economist, historian and one of the most famous figures in the history of Western philosophy and the Scottish Enlightenment.
Hume is often grouped with John Locke, George Berkeley, and a handful of others as a British Empiricist. Hume begins his. Note that Hume is looking for a way to reconcile the experience of aesthetic objects, not just the testimony about them.
The goal is a standard for appropriate or true judgments of taste. Now this is only a very skeletal summary of Hume's position.
The arguments which provide the foundation for this position are spelled out very clearly in his Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, and are readily accessible to anyone interested in reading them. David Hume () is unquestionably one of the most influential philosophers of the Modern period.
Born in Edinburgh, Scotland, his philosophical works include A Treatise on Human Nature (), Essays, Moral and Political (2 vols., ), An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (), and An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals ().
Rahcarah Henry PHI C Prof. Thomas Pineda February 21, Argument Summary 4 Hume Chapters 4 & 5 In chapter four Hume tries to figure out whether .