Garden Worlds, Park Worlds Motives For Colonization As Rick Robinson mentioned, the real reason for extraterrestrial colonization is so that science fiction authors and game designers will have a marvelous background for their creations. But who are we trying to kid? Science fiction, particularly hard SF, is not known for engaging the whole range of human experience. This is no knock on it; all the branches of Romance are selective.
Douhet's Concept The concept of "area bombing" was loosely based on the original theories of Giulio Douhet.
According to Douhet, target cities would be subjected to successive waves of bombers carrying different kinds of bombs. The first wave was to carry high explosives for destroying structures, infrastructure, roads and rail lines. This would be followed by a wave of bombers dropping incendiary bombs.
Incendiaries were intended to burn out remaining usable structures and to destroy any semblance of shelter for the civilian population. Finally, Douhet called for a third wave of bombers to drop gas on cities in order to kill as many people as possible. The combined effect of such bombing, Douhet reasoned, would so terrorize the enemy that either a their morale would be broken and they would surrender or b the civilian population would rise up and demand their government cease hostilities.
Douhet never denied that his bombing doctrine would result in a tremendous loss of life. War meant killing, after all. The Allied Practice In practice, the Allies carried pursued two types of bombing campaigns against Germany. These were precision bombing and area bombing.
Precision or Pinpoint Bombing: Never as precise as claimed, the primary objective was to destroy a specific military or industrial target using aerial bombardment.
Civilians were often killed in these kinds of operations.
However, their deaths were considered an unfortunate result of the inaccuracy of precision bombing, the intent was not to target and kill civilians wholesale.
By and large, the British pursued this kind of bombing in and It was abandoned by the RAF in favor of city-killing, area bombing in February The US followed suit in Decemberafter the disastrous second Schweinfurt raid, but continued to pursue both area and precision bombing until the end of the war in Europe.
Area Bombing also called Strategic Bombing: In contrast to precision bombing, area bombing targeted entire cities, consisting of many square miles, and not specific military or industrial targets. During area bombing runs wave after wave of bombers, including as many as 1, airplanes, would sweep over a wide expanse and drop hundreds, perhaps thousands, of tons of bombs on the target city.
The concept of area bombing held that cities, as vital centers of economic production, were in themselves legitimate targets. Following this reasoning, it ran that if an entire urban area was destroyed it would dislocate the industrial labor force, thereby making it more difficult for the enemy to produce the war materiel necessary to keep up the fight.
Similarly, the logic of area bombing also ran that the enemy's industrial workforce was in itself a legitimate target. Kill enough of the enemy's laborers and industry would grind to a halt.
In connection with this there was the question of shattering the morale of the belligerent population. Killing as many civilians as possible and rendering as many homeless as possible was thought to have a dramatically negative effect on the morale of the civilian population.
Once morale had been undermined it was assumed hoped that the enemy would capitulate see Douhet's Concept above. Area bombing could consist of dropping purely high-explosive bomb loads.
More often, however, it entailed using a bombing method called " firebombing " in which high-explosives and incendiary bombs were dropped during the same air raid.the university of colorado boulder honors college department of philosophy capital punishment: a philosophical rejection of punishment by death.
Capital Punishment Is A Necessary Tool For Society - The belief external influences lead to a criminal’s crime lead to the belief, rather than executing criminals “one might design institutions to disinfect the criminal, to restore him to moral health” (Garnett and Nelson).
The Death Penalty and Human Rights: U.S. Death Penalty and International Law by Richard C. Dieter, Executive Director, retain the use of capital punishment.
However, the number of countries employing the The thesis of this paper is that international law and an analysis based on human rights are useful means to address the death penalty.
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Punishment Capital assumption based loosely Punishment Capital - penalty, death the as to referred also crime, serious a for punishment a as prisoner a of execution ordered judicially the is murder, as such. A Stance on Abortion - One of the most controversial issues in this day and age is the stance people take on abortion.
The two main positions that people take are either of pro-choice or pro-life; both sides, although polar opposites, tend to refer to both the issue of morality and logical rationale.
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