Essay on Whooping Cough: What are its causes, symptoms and prevention?
Enjoy free essays, examples of research papers, sample term papers, free dissertation samples and paper writing tips for all students. Example papers and sample papers on the most popular topics. Both preventions and many new treatments were discovered that both eased the symptoms of the disease and sped up recovery time.
In the beginning of the century a vaccine became available to prevent the disease. The s saw pertussis lose its death grip on the young American children, a fact evidenced by the dearth of reports on the disease after In present-day America there are less than 4, reported cases of whooping cough Essays on pertusis year and even fewer deaths, thanks to immunization.
Before the vaccine was discovered, however, at leastcases of pertussis were reported every year, many of which resulted in death. It is caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis.
In the twentieth century, whooping cough was a common childhood disease and one of the leading causes of childhood mortality. The symptoms of pertussis include sneezing, fever, and of course, coughing. A person infected with pertussis experiences numerous and rapid coughing fits in an attempt to expel mucus from the bronchial tubes.
The fits and the rapid air intake are especially violent for babies and young children and accounts for the deaths of the children. A study done by Dr. Laurie found that children who had whooping cough before the age of two and who managed to survive still suffered ill effects.
They were often mentally retarded or had slowed development. Methods of treating the disease in the s included exposure to gas vapor, raising levels of vitamin A and providing doses of streptomycin and aureomycin.
The beneficial use of gas vapors was discovered in Germany. Citizens had noticed that the air around the gas works had a soothing effect on those suffering from whopping cough. With this information, experiments were set up in the municipal gas works in Leipzig.
These are held in the sand portion of the aluminum earth the gas has passed through. These gas vapors, or rather, the sulfur and aniline compounds did indeed seem to ease the coughing fits of pertussis sufferers and also seemed to speed their recovery.
Vitamin A was found to be very valuable in fighting whooping cough by Dr. McCord and his colleagues C. In experiments done with rats, they found that the rats deficient in vitamin A have little chance of survival when inoculated with whopping cough germs, while those receiving adequate amounts of the vitamin, found in cod liver oil, recover from the disease.
The doctors also discovered that the protein tryptophane had a direct affect on the levels of vitamin A found in the rats. Rats who possessed the protein retained a much higher level of the vitamin than those rats that did not. In and then instreptomycin and aureomycin became the cures of choice.
Streptomycin was first reported to be effective against whooping cough in Buffalo. Treatment was a major step towards crushing whooping cough, but the best way to overcome it was never to get the disease. This was made a lot easier in when the vaccine for pertussis was combined with the diptheria toxoid.
Since getting immunized against vaccine had become almost de rigueur for the American population there was definite advantage to combing the two: Another plan of treatment was to inoculate expectant mothers who had not had the disease and therefore were not immune to pertussis. Since mothers pass immunities to their offspring, the newborn babies would be protected during the very fragile first months of life until they could be vaccinated and build their own immunities.
The s began the end of the reign of pertussis. Starting with the combination of the diphtheria and pertussis vaccines inwhooping cough hit a decline that continued through to Research in the s to fight pertussis also found ways to treat pertussis and to shorten its grasp.
Thanks to the discoveries of the s, pertussis is no longer the fearful epidemic it once was, thanks mainly to the vaccine which has been combined with the diphtheria and tetanus vaccines, commonly called the DPT vaccine.
Even today, however, pertussis is a real threat in countries that have not been immunized. Overpeople, mostly children, die of pertussis each year.
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Below is an essay on "Bordetella Pertusis" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. Bordetella pertussis Microbiology Bordetella pertussis is a prokaryotic organism belonging to the bacteria kingdom, the genus Bordetella, and species regardbouddhiste.comsis (Bauman, ).
B. pertussis is a Gram negative. Below is an essay on "Pertussis" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. Pertussis There are many diseases that could be cured in a couple weeks and others that could cause death/5(1).
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Essays In Persuasion written by legendary author John Maynard Keynes is widely considered to be one of the top greatest books of all time. This great classic will surely attract a whole new generation of readers. For many4/5(24). Whooping cough or pertusis is an acute respiratory infectious disease caused by Bacillus Pertusis involving trachea, bronchi and bronchioles creating intense cough.
The patient suffers from fever.