These ventures have had mixed success. The domestic network is not yet operational, though the government has promised to lay 10, more kilometers of cable by
Pre history[ edit ] Although the existence of inscriptions prove that literacy preceded the adoption of Christianity as the recognized religion in Ethiopia, by the time of the earliest surviving records formal education was controlled by the church.
The study of writing would probably also begin at this time, and particularly in more modern times some arithmetic might be added. In the third stage the Acts of the Apostles were studied, while certain prayers were also learnt, and writing and arithmetic continued. The children, who also studied signing would now be able to serve as choristers.
A boy who had reached this stage would moreover usually be able to write, and might act as a letter writer. Many people have learned the song of Solomon. Another field of study was aquaquam or the religious dance performed as part of church services.
Church schools prepared individuals for the clergy and for other religious duties and positions. In the process, these schools also provided religious education to the children of the nobility and to the sons of limited numbers of tenant farmers and servants associated with elite families.
Such schools mainly served the Amhara and Tigray inhabitants of the Ethiopian highlands. Misguided policies caused very few children to receive an education.
As a result, Ethiopia did not meet the Educational standards of other African countries in the early s. At the same time, Islamic schools provided some education for a small part of the Muslim population.
ByPankhurst notes that "no fewer than 3, students had passed through the school", and states that in the school had pupils.
An ordinance issued 24 July reiterated the principle that the newly conquered country, as in the older colonies, would have two different types of educational institutions, namely "Italian type schools" and schools for "colonial subjects. Many other existing schools were converted to Italian-only schools, while new schools created for the native population, in the words of Patrick Roberts, were "not schools in reality, but have been established for propaganda purposes.
The government recruited foreign teachers for primary and secondary schools to offset the teacher shortage. By a total of 60, students were enrolled in primary schools, eleven secondary schools, and three institutions offering college-level courses.
While reforms have been made in the aims of education, the actual structure of the Ethiopian school system has remained unchanged from that established in the s.
The Ethiopian education system, especially in primary and secondary education, was ranked the bottom among African nations. There were school and teacher shortages, a high dropout rate, and low overall attendance rates; especially among females, non-Christians, rural and pastoral children.
Embarrassed by this record, the Ministry of Education developed a new education policy, which was in effect until Curriculum revisions introduced a mix of academic and nonacademic subjects.
But Amharic became the language of instruction for the entire primary cycle, which handicapped any child who had a different primary language. The government expanded the public school system and in there were 1, primary and secondary schools and 13, teachers.
But the system suffered from a shortage of qualified personnel, a lack of funds, and overcrowded facilities. Often financed with foreign aid, school construction usually proceeded faster than the training and certification of teachers. In addition, most schools were in the major towns.
Crowded and understaffed, those schools in small towns and rural areas provided a poor education. The inadequacies of public education before the mids resulted partly from the school financing system.
To finance primary education, the government levied a special tax on agricultural land.
Local boards of education supervised the disbursement of tax receipts. Moreover, urban inhabitants, who did not have to pay the tax but who were predominantly represented in the schools, sent their children at the expense of the taxpaying rural landowners and poor peasants.
The government attempted to rectify this imbalance in by imposing an education tax on urban landowners and a 2 percent tax on the personal income of urban residents.Visit Yahoo Help. Yahoo Japan users - please visit Yahoo Help to learn how to add your email address.
Awetu Simesso participated as a guest speaker at EDAO's International Conference in June (Photo Courtesy: Boka G Tesso/Facebook). Tadias Magazine.
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Current issues dealing with the government and political situation in Ethiopia, as well as human rights, freedom of the press and the future of Ethiopia and its people. Hi I was wondering about your city guide ratings you mentioned Ethiopia as being your favorite spot a very interesting pick, but in reference to where many of your readers live how does it rate with united states what would be the rating you would give the U.S.
Would love to get a reference point so i can compare it to your other city guide ratings. Education in Ethiopia has been dominated by the Ethiopian Orthodox Church for many centuries until secular education was adopted in the early s. Prior to , Ethiopia had an estimated illiteracy rate well above 90% and compared poorly with the rest of Africa in the provision of schools and universities.