I will also discuss how the media plays a role in this issue and will use local and global examples to support my argument that on a large scale it is not a definite negative or positive action but that each case is determined by the motives behind the interaction and the end result from these actions. This conflict occurs when habitats start over-lapping and interaction becomes inevitable. Throughout history there has been much evidence of the negative impact humans have had on wildlife all across the world. Overpopulation ensures than human-animal interaction is unavoidable.
Definition[ edit ] Human—wildlife conflict is defined by the World Wide Fund for Nature WWF as "any interaction between humans and wildlife that results in negative impacts on human social, economic or cultural life, on the conservation of wildlife populations, or on the environment.
The Creating Co-existence workshop at the 5th Annual World Parks Congress 8—17 SeptemberMontreal defined human-wildlife conflict in the context of human goals and animal needs as follows: However, in both cases, outcomes are decided by human responses to the interactions.
WAP History[ edit ] Human—wildlife conflicts have occurred throughout man's prehistory and recorded history. Amongst the early forms of human-wildlife conflict is the predation of the ancestors of prehistoric man by a number of predators of the Miocene such as saber-toothed cats, leopards, spotted hyenas amongst others.
The crops and the produce formed an abundant and easily obtained food source for wild animals. Wild herbivores competed with domesticated ones for pasture. In addition, they were a source for diseases which affected livestock.
The livestock attracted predators which found them an easy source to prey on. The inevitable human reaction was to eliminate such threats to agriculture and domesticated animals.
In addition, land was converted to agricultural and other uses and forests clearedall of which impacted wild animals adversely. A number of animal species were eliminated locally or from parts of their natural range. The deliberate or accidental introduction of animals in isolated island animal communities have caused extinction of a large number of species.
Alternately, new resources created by humans draw wildlife resulting in conflict. The population density of wildlife and humans increase with overlaps in geographical areas used increasing their interaction thus resulting in increased physical conflict.
Byproducts of human existence offer un-natural opportunity for wildlife in the form of food and sheltered interference and potentially destructive threat for both man and animals.
Competition for food resources also occurs when humans attempt to harvest natural resources such as fish and grassland pasture. Another cause of conflict comes from conservation biased toward flagship or game species that often threatens other species of concern  Diagram of Human Wildlife Conflict in Expanding American Cities Outcomes of conflict[ edit ] Asian elephant damages to houses Human—wildlife conflict occurs with various negative results.
The major outcomes of human-wildlife conflict are: Damage to human property. Collapse of wildlife populations and reduction of geographic ranges.
From one side, the source of conflict is the restriction on the local people to access forest resources.MAN WILDLIFE CONFLICT Introduction: Human–wildlife conflict refers to the interaction between wild animals and people and the resultant negative impact on .
The Deadly Human Wildlife Conflict in India-People And Wildlife The growing human population,deforestation,loss of habitat and decline in their prey species are few major reason behind the Human wildlife conflict in India.
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Human–wildlife conflict refers to the interaction between wild animals and people and the resultant negative impact on people or their resources, or wild animals or their habitat. It occurs when growing human populations overlap with established wildlife territory, creating reduction of resources or life to some people and/or wild animals.
Man Wildlife Conflict Essay Mangalore, Chikmagalur, Hassan, Madikeri, Mysore and Chamrajnagar. The forests in these districts are quite rich in wild life as can be expected, the most notable wildlife in these forests being Elephants, Tigers, Leopards among other animals.