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Some Important Preliminaries a. Mereological Technicalities The topic of material composition falls under the wider purview of mereology, which is simply the study of parts and wholes.
Much of the focus of mereology over the last hundred years or so has been on producing a formal theory of part—whole relations, that is, a formal theory of the logical relations that hold between parts and the wholes they compose examples include Lesniewski, ; Leonard and Goodman, ; Simons, The current entry will overlook much of the formal side of the study of mereology, and will instead concentrate on some of the key metaphysical questions concerning the nature of material composite objects, such as whether there are any such things, and what criteria some things need to satisfy in order to compose a composite object.
However, it will be useful in the first instance to define a few of the key technical terms and expressions that are peculiar to the field of mereology: In ordinary language, we use the term part to mean a portion or subsection of an object, for example, the Earth is part of the Solar System, the tail is part of the cat and so forth.
This enables one to refer to a number of objects at a time in a neutral manner, without supposing that those objects do or do not compose a further object. They merely stipulate that one should not list overlapping parts of an object when listing the parts that compose it.
For instance, suppose a necklace were made entirely of pearls. In that case, it would be correct to say that the pearls compose the necklace.
But, given that the pearls themselves are made of atoms, it would also be correct to say that the atoms compose the necklace. However, it would be wrong to say that the pearls and the atoms compose the necklace, since the pearls overlap the atoms. These are just a few of the many technical terms involved in formal mereology, and they are defined here quite informally, for ease of understanding.
A Study in Ontology, provides an excellent place to start. Composition and Constitution The debate over material composition should be distinguished from a related debate concerning material constitution. Material composition concerns the question of when two or more objects compose a further, composite object.
For instance, if you attach four wooden legs to a flat wooden surface, do those five objects now compose a new object: Those interested in material constitution, by contrast, are interested in the question of when one object for example, a lump of bronze constitutes another object for example, a statue of Napoleonand indeed, what the relation of constitution actually consists in.
Material constitution presents some real puzzles of its own. For instance, is the lump of bronze a distinct object from the statue of Napoleon, or are they numerically identical? The trouble emerges when you consider what happens if you were to melt down the statue and form it into a shapeless lump.
The lump of bronze, it seems, would still exist; but the statue would clearly not. By melting it down, you destroy the statue, but you do not destroy the lump.Gupta Ferguson Anthropological Locations - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or view presentation slides online.
A book about the methodological questions of how and where to build the research fieldwork in anthropology.
Obituaries for the last 7 days on Your Life Moments. my interpersonal skills in order to maintain the therapeutic relationships with my patient.
In this reflection, I am going to use Gibbs () Reflective Cycle. This model is a recognised framework for my reflection. Gibbs () consists of six stages to complete one cycle which is able to improve my nursing practice continuously and learning from the experience for better practice in the future/5(57).
By using Gibbs () model the practitioner and also take emotions into account. As shown in the below diagram, this model for reflection consists of six stages. Figure: Gibbs reflective cycle. But we know little about people's reactions to personal traits profiles of themselves, or what influences their decisions to share such profiles.
We present an early qualitative study of people's reactions to a working hyper-personal analytics system. Introduction For this essay I have chosen to write about a situation that happened to me while I was working as an nursing auxiliary in an orthopaedic ward, I learned that a patient had been involved in a car accident, where she was the driver and her boyfriend had been killed.
I imagined t.