Pennsylvania and the Federal Constitution The convention sat in the old State House at Philadelphia, and after a stormy session of four months, ended its labors on September 17th,
Comments in Newspapers on the Second Amendment Summary A brief mention and discussion of comments made in newspapers about the Second Amendment, after the Bill of Rights was submitted to Congress is presented.
The entire discussion is taken from Halbrook, Stephen P. Originally published as 26 Val. Many of the proposed amendments were subjected to criticism.
But the Second Amendment was apparently never attacked, aside from one editorial that argued the inefficiency of the militia clause, never questioning the right-to-bear-arms clause.
After quoting the language of the proposal as it was approved by the House, the prominent antifederalist "Centinel" opined: It is remarkable that this article only makes the observation, 'that a well regulated militia, composed of the body of the people, is the best security of a free state;' it does not ordain, or constitutionally provide for, the establishment of such a one.
The absolute command vested by other sections in Congress over the militia, are not in the least abridged by this amendment.
The militia may still be subjected to marital law By not objecting to lack of such a list of purposes in the Second Amendment, the antifederalists must have assumed that exercise of the right to keep and bear arms would extend to all lawful purposes.
By the same token, Samuel Adams and the drafters of the New Hampshire proposal ["Congress shall never disarm any citizen, unless such as are or have been in actual rebellion.
Centinel's observations indicate the understanding that the Second Amendment's militia clause was merely declaratory and did not protect state powers to maintain militias to any appreciable degree. That antifederalists never attacked the right-to-bear-arms clause demonstrates that it recognized a full and complete guarantee of individual rights to have and use private arms.
Letters of Centinel. Abstract. Some historians feel most of the "Centinel" letters were written by Samuel Bryan, and a few by Eleazer Oswald, owner of the Independent Gazetteer. Contents. Centinel I Centinel II (excerpt) Centinel IV Centinel V (excerpt) Centinel VI (excerpt). Anti-Federalist Papers is the collective name given to works written by the Founding Fathers who were opposed to or concerned with the merits of the United States Constitution of Starting on 25 September (8 days after the final draft of the US Constitution) and running through the early s, these anti-Federalists published a series of essays . Contents DEBATES IN THE PRESS AND IN PRIVATE CORRESPONDENCE September r7, rJanuary rz, r Benjamin Franklin's Speech at the Conclusion of the Constitutional Convention, September 17, "Centinel" [Samuel Bryan] I, October 5, .
Surely a storm of protest would have ensued had anyone hinted that the right only protected a government-armed select militia.
Tench Coxe and the Right to Keep and Bear Arms, published his "Remarks on the First Part of the Amendments to the Federal Constitution," in the Federal Gazette, June 18, He asserts that it's the people as individuals with arms, who serve as the ultimate check on government.
As civil rulers, not having their duty to the people duly before them, may attempt to tyrannize, and as the military forces which must be occasionally raised to defend our country, might pervert their power to the injury of their fellow-citizens, the people are confirmed by the next article in their right to keep and bear their private arms.
Coxe's defense of the amendments was widely reprinted.
A search of the literature of the time reveals that no writer disputed or contradicted Coxe's analysis that what became the Second Amendment protected the right of the people to keep and bear "their private arms.The Virginia Plan. On Tuesday morning, May 29, Edmund Randolph, the tall, year- old governor of Virginia, opened the debate with a long speech decrying the evils that had befallen the country under the Articles of Confederation and stressing the need for creating a strong national government.
Major Anti-Federalist authors included Cato (likely George Clinton), Brutus (likely Robert Yates), Centinel (Samuel Bryan), and the Federal Farmer (either Melancton Smith, . Centinel, to the people of Pennsylvania: Number I.
Friends, countrymen, and fellow-citizens, Permit one of yourselves to put you in mind of certain liberties and privileges secured to you by the Constitution of this commonwealth, and beg your serious attention to his uninterested opinion upon the plan of fœderal government submitted to your consideration, before you surrender these great and.
Yates;Samuel Bryan online Anti-Federalist Papers [Kindle Edition] either downloading. Too, on our website you can reading the instructions and different art books online, either download theirs.
Letters of Centinel. Abstract. Some historians feel most of the "Centinel" letters were written by Samuel Bryan, and a few by Eleazer Oswald, owner of the Independent Gazetteer. Contents. Centinel I Centinel II (excerpt) Centinel IV Centinel V (excerpt) Centinel VI (excerpt). Feb 01, · Samuel Bryan was the son of a Pennsylvania Supreme Court judge who wrote a series of papers under the pseudonym “Centinel”, in which he opposed the adoption of the proposed Constitution.
It was Bryan who spoke first, but not so well as those who followed.