Bossuet was responsible for the youth's religious, philosophical, and political upbringing for the next eleven years. In this role, Bossuet produced a number of works designed to instruct the presumed future King of France on his role.
Wars between countries were bad enough, but even worse sometimes were the civil wars within countries, civil wars made worse by religious division e. How do you stop such conflicts? How do you create a stable, peaceful society?
Especially important in this regard, the three thinkers I especially want to emphasize next: Bossuet, Hobbes, and Locke. Locke, on the other hand, offers an even more convincing argument for more limited government. He was a tremendously popular preacher and one of most prolific theological writers of his time.
Naturally enough, with such responsibility, Bossuet devoted considerable effort to figuring out how government might ideally operate. Also, naturally enough for a Bishop, he derived his ideas primarily from the scripture. We have his ideas in a book with the title, "The Principles of Politics derived from the scripture.
Bossuet maintains that they advocate monarchy. God himself a king.
When Jesus returns, he will reign as king. We are taught to pray, "Thy kingdom come Bossuet uses examples like David and Solomon to show that this is the form of govt. Further, says Bossuet, we can see this is the government God intends for us by the fact that monarchy is the most common, most ancient, and most natural form of government all the countries of Europe, are ruled by kings; throughout the world, their are kings; back in history: Monarchy, then, is the form of government God intends for us.
But what kind of monarchy? No--absolute, hereditary monarchy, with succession determined by male primogeniture. It is the most advantageous of all governmental forms. But what if the king is a tyrant? Bossuet argues that subjects owe complete obedience to their sovereign regardless.
For one thing, to rebel disrupts the unity of the state and leads to civil war: What does a subject do when a ruler is harsh, cruel, or misguided? Bossuet goes to great lengths to show that a king has great responsibilities to his people, foremost of which are to ensure justice and peace--and the true religion.
But it is God who places this responsibility on the king, and to God alone that he is answerable.On 30 September , Bossuet was named tutor to Louis XIV's only son, the 9-year old Louis. Bossuet was responsible for the youth's religious, philosophical, and political upbringing for the next eleven years.
Absolutism and the Divine Right of Kings. (2) Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet () was France's most important exponent of absolutism during the seventeenth century. The foremost orator of his day, he was also tutor to Louis XIV's son, Louis the Dauphin, and an influential Bishop.
Patrick Riley has provided full supporting materials including a chronology, guide to further reading and brief notes on persons mentioned, in addition to a lucid introduction placing Bossuet's bibliocentric politics in their historical and intellectual context.
Absolutism DBQ. Topics: Government, The thesis statement above by Jacques-Benigne Bossuet clearly illustrates the concept or theory of the Divine Right of Kings' which basically argues that certain kings ruled because they were chosen (by God) to do so and that these kings were accountable to no person except God respecting only the.
During the 17th century, Europe experienced economics crises, religious wars, and civil unrest. Absolute monarchy was but one response to the search for a more ordered society.
Jacques-Bénigne Lignel Bossuet (French: ; 27 September – 12 April ) was a French bishop and theologian, renowned for his sermons and other addresses. He has been considered by many to be one of the most brilliant orators of all time and a masterly French stylist..
Court preacher to Louis XIV of France, Bossuet was a strong advocate of political absolutism .